The present face of countryside of the Hostivař area, as we know it nowadays, is a result of thousand-year development, not only by influence of nature but especially of the human. The determining factor for peopling was the presence of the stream of Botič. The first written mention of Hostivař comes from Kosmas’ Chronicle and it is from 1068. Already in that period Hostivař must have been a very important stop of merchants as a trade route was passing through there. It is said also in the explanation of the name of Hostivař, compounded of words host (guest) and variti, i.e. to protect, to shelter. Due to intensive building activity we have been still finding new proofs of ancient settlement of this area, which have been documented properly by the workers of archaeological department of the Town Museum of the capital of Prague and published in special literature.
The Trhanov Square, which rather looks like a street, was called the Square of Komenský since 1927 to 1940. It happened in the honour of the bishop of Church of Brothers, a teacher, scientist and writer Jan Amos Komenský (1592-1670). During German occupation it was renamed to the Square of Winterfeldt. Hans Karl von Winterfeldt (1709-1757) was a Prussian general. During 1945-1947 the name of Komenský was returned. Since 1947 it has been called the Trhanov Square, after the castle of Trhanov in region of Chodsko, a famous residence of oppressor of Chodsko inhabitants, Volf Maxmilian Laminger of Albenreuth.
A significant education facility, Elementary artistic school, has its seat in the Trhanov Square. The teachers and pupils moved in, to the building of the previous elementary school, from the previous centre in February 1984.